THE TWO WITNESSES OF REVELATION

Concerning all believers in YHVH and Yeshua upon this earth; and even Jews that don’t believe in who they had crucified — what follows is one of the most important reads being a part of the future of our misled human race; and as you can see by the image below, I am no newbie – yet have not one genuine brother or sister on this earth living by the words of who they all claim to love. “None, no, not one pleases our Father. Psalms 14:2-3 KJV

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In the 11th chapter of Revelation, two mysterious entities are introduced into the story of the end of this current age:

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Who are these “two witnesses” that God will empower at the end of this age to carry His message to a world ruled by the Antichrist?  Some believe that Elijah and Enoch, who were miraculously “taken away” by God (2 Kings 2:11; Gen. 5:24; Heb. 11:5), will return from heaven to prophesy for 3½ years.  Others think that it will be Elijah (who stopped the rain in Israel for 3½ years – I Kings 17:1; Jam. 5:17) and Moses (who turned water to blood and brought plagues on Egypt – Exo. 7-12) who will antagonize the Beast during the 42 months of his reign.  Some religious organizations believe that the two witnesses will be called from within the ranks of their ministry to perform this task.  Another theory is that the Old Testament and the New Testament symbolically comprise these witnesses.  But is there any way to really know who the two witnesses will be?

One vital key to understanding biblical prophecy is letting the Bible interpret itself.  There are many clues to the identity of the two witnesses, but we have to recognize and accept them.

Let’s look at their apparel, which is one of the first clues we’re given about these two.  They are dressed in sackcloth.  What do the Scriptures tell us about the meaning of wearing sackcloth?

ISAIAH 22:12 And in that day the Lord GOD of hosts called for weeping and for mourning, for baldness and for girding with sackcloth. (NKJV)

JEREMIAH 6:26 O daughter of my people, dress in sackcloth and roll about in ashes!  Make mourning as for an only son, most bitter lamentation; for the plunderer will suddenly come upon us. (NKJV)

LAMENTATIONS 2:10 The elders of the daughter of Zion sit on the ground and keep silence; they throw dust on their heads and gird themselves with sackcloth.  The virgins of Jerusalem bow their heads to the ground. (NKJV)

The Scriptures make it clear that the wearing of sackcloth is a sign of mourning.  These two witnesses are clothed in sackcloth because they are officially in mourning.  What they are mourning about will be shown later.

Now let’s look at the specific role these two fulfill as witnesses.  A witness is a person who has seen or knows something, and is therefore capable of giving evidence about it.  There are several scriptural passages that explain the role and function which witnesses fulfill:

DEUTERONOMY 17:6 “Whoever is deserving of death shall be put to death on the testimony of two or three witnesses; he shall not be put to death on the testimony of one witness.  7 The hands of the witnesses shall be the first against him to put him to death, and afterward the hands of all the people.  So you shall put away the evil from among you.” (NKJV)

DEUTERONOMY 19:15 “One witness shall not rise against a man concerning any iniquity or any sin that he commits; by the mouth of two or three witnesses the matter shall be established.” (NKJV)

It is a clear principle in the Torah that the testimony of only one witness is not enough to convict a person of a capital crime.  It takes a minimum of TWO witnesses to convict someone for the death penalty (or any other sin, for that matter).  This same principle is repeated by both Yeshua and Paul in the New Testament:

MATTHEW 18:16 “But if he will not hear, take with you one or two more, that ‘by the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.’ ” (NKJV)

II CORINTHIANS 13:1 This will be the third time I am coming to you.  “By the mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall be established.” (NKJV)

According to the Scriptures, there must be two witnesses to an act in order for the sentence of the Law to be carried out.  Since those who accept the mark of the beast and worship him will “drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation” (Rev. 14:10), at least two witnesses to their sins will be necessary to convict and punish them.

Who are the two witnesses mentioned in Revelation 11?  Let’s look elsewhere in the Bible to see if God identifies who His witnesses are and what they will testify about:

ISAIAH 43:1 But now, thus says the LORD, who created you, O Jacob, and He who formed you, O Israel:  “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by your name; You are Mine. . . .”  10 “You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “and My servant whom I have chosen, so that you may know and believe Me and understand that I am He.  Before Me no god was formed, nor will there be one after Me.  11 I, even I, am the LORD, and apart from Me there is no savior.  12 I have revealed and saved and proclaimed — I, and not some foreign god among you.  You are My witnesses,” declares the LORD, “that I am God.” (NIV)

ISAIAH 44:1 But now hear, O Jacob My servant, Israel whom I have chosen!  2 Thus says the LORD who made you, who formed you in the womb and will help you:  Do not fear, O Jacob My servant, Jeshurun whom I have chosen.  3 For I will pour water on the thirsty land, and streams on the dry ground; I will pour My spirit upon your descendants, and My blessing on your offspring.  4 They shall spring up like a green tamarisk, like willows by flowing streams.  5 This one will say, “I am the LORD’s,” another will be called by the name of Jacob, yet another will write on the hand, “The LORD’s,” and adopt the name of Israel.  6 Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts:  I am the first and I am the last; besides Me there is no god.  7 Who is like Me?  Let them proclaim it, let them declare and set it forth before me.  Who has announced from of old the things to come?  Let them tell us what is yet to be.  8 Do not fear, or be afraid; have I not told you from of old and declared it?  You are my witnesses!  Is there any god besides Me?  There is no other rock; I know not one. (NRSV)

These prophetic passages from Isaiah plainly state that Israel will witness to the fact that there is no other God like YHVH the Father.  This testimony will be a necessary confirmation of the identity of the one true God (John 17:3) during the time the Antichrist is reigning and proclaiming himself to be god (II The. 2:4).  But how can Israel, the chosen people of God, be the TWO witnesses referred to in Revelation?

Christians who haven’t studied the Tanakh (Old Testament) in depth might be surprised to learn that Israel split into two parts after the reign of King Solomon.  This split is recorded in I Kings 12 and II Chronicles 10.  The division resulted in the southern kingdom of Judea (the “House of Judah“) and the northern kingdom of Samaria (the “House of Israel“) in the Holy Land.

The House of Judah was composed of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin (I Kings 12:21; II Chr. 11:12).  The tribe of Levi also eventually sided with the House of Judah, having been rejected as priests by the ruler of the House of Israel (II Chr. 11:13-14).

The 10 tribes (I Kings 11:31, 35) which composed the House of Israel were the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, Reuben, Gad, Asher, Naphtali, Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun, and Dan.  These 10 northern tribes were led by the tribe of Ephraim, which was given the blessing of the firstborn by the patriarch Israel on his deathbed (Gen. 48:14-22).

Therefore, we see from the Scriptures that Israel did indeed become “two.”   They can legitimately be recognized as two different, but related, entities.  But is there any other biblical evidence which connects the two houses of Israel with the two witnesses of Revelation 11?

Indeed there is!  Revelation 11:4 gives us the next two vital clues:

REVELATION 11:4 These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the God of the earth. (NKJV)

We see that the two witnesses are symbolically called “two olive trees” and also “two lampstands.”  We’ll examine each of these symbols in turn and see what the Scriptures have to say about them.

First, let’s see what the Bible says about the “two olive trees.”  Are these olive trees spoken of anywhere else in the Bible?  Yes, they certainly are!

ZECHARIAH 4:1 Now the angel who talked with me came back and wakened me, as a man who is wakened out of his sleep.  2 And he said to me, “What do you see?”  So I said, “I am looking, and there is a lampstand of solid gold with a bowl on top of it, and on the stand seven lamps with seven pipes to the seven lamps.  3 Two olive trees are by it, one at the right of the bowl and the other at its left.”  4 So I answered and spoke to the angel who talked with me, saying, “What are these, my lord?”  5 Then the angel who talked with me answered and said to me, “Do you not know what these are?”  And I said, “No, my lord.”  6 So he answered and said to me:  “This is the word of the LORD to Zerubbabel:  ‘Not by might nor by power, but by My Spirit,’ says the LORD of hosts.  7 Who are you, O great mountain?  Before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain!  And he shall bring forth the capstone with shouts of “Grace, grace to it!” ‘ ”  8 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying:  9 “The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this temple; his hands shall also finish it.  Then you will know that the LORD of hosts has sent me to you.  10 For who has despised the day of small things?  For these seven rejoice to see the plumb line in the hand of Zerubbabel.  They are the eyes of the LORD, which scan to and fro throughout the whole earth.”  11 Then I answered and said to him, “What are these two olive trees — at the right of the lampstand and at its left?”  12 And I further answered and said to him, “What are these two olive branches that drip into the receptacles of the two gold pipes from which the golden oil drains?”  13 Then he answered me and said, “Do you not know what these are?”  And I said, “No, my lord.”  14 So he said, “These are the two anointed ones, who stand beside the Lord of the whole earth.” (NKJV)

In Zechariah 4 we see the same symbols that are used in Revelation 11 — olive trees and a lampstand.  The two olive trees are said to be “the anointed ones” (literally “sons of the oil”) who stand beside the Lord of the whole earth” (Zec. 4:14).  But maddeningly, the angel doesn’t give Zechariah (or us) a direct answer regarding the identity of these two trees.  We must look in the book of Jeremiah to find the identification of the olive trees:

JEREMIAH 11:16 The LORD called your name, Green Olive Tree, lovely and of good fruit.  With the noise of a great tumult He has kindled fire on it, and its branches are broken.  17 For the LORD of hosts, who planted you, has pronounced doom against you for the evil of the House of Israel and of the House of Judah, which they have done against themselves to provoke Me to anger in offering incense to Baal.” (NKJV)

In Jeremiah 11 we see that both houses of Israel are called a “green olive tree.”  They were planted and named by Yah the Father Himself.  We can be certain from Scripture that both the House of Judah and the House of Israel are symbolically labeled as olive trees.  But is there any further evidence?  Yes there is!

HOSEA 14:5 I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall grow like the lily, and lengthen his roots like Lebanon.  6 His branches shall spread; his beauty shall be like an olive tree, and his fragrance like Lebanon. (NKJV)

The prophet Hosea preached several decades before the fall of the House of Israel to the Assyrians (c. 722 BCE).  Although he addresses both the House of Judah and the House of Israel in his prophecies, his primary message is directed at the House of Israel, also known as Ephraim.

To graphically illustrate the House of Israel’s rebellion against Him, YHVH commanded Hosea to take a harlot for a wife (Hos. 1:2).  This harlot bore Hosea three children.  God had Hosea name them symbolically to show how He was going to deal with the House of Israel.  The children were named Jezreel (lit. “God sows”), Lo-Ruhamah (lit. “no mercy”), and Lo-Ammi (lit. “no people”).

All three of these names described God’s punishment on the House of Israel, as He explained to Hosea.  Jezreel represented God’s sowing of the House of Israel among the Gentile nations of the earth after they were carried away into captivity by the Assyrians (Hos. 8:8; Zec. 10:7-10).  Lo-Ruhamah denoted the fact that Yah would no longer have mercy upon the House of Israel, allowing them to be taken captive because of their sins (Hos. 1:6).  Lo-Ammi pictured the gradual loss of national identity by the House of Israel.  After they were conquered by Assyria, they lost the knowledge of who they were.  Scattered throughout the Gentile nations of the world, the House of Israel forgot that they were part of the chosen people of YHVH (Hos. 1:9), and eventually came to view themselves as Gentiles.

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With this background, we are now ready to look at the apostle Paul’s revelation on Israel the olive tree:

ROMANS 11:16 – For if the firstfruit is holy, the lump is also holy; and if the root is holy, so are the branches.  17 And if some of the branches were broken off, and you, being a wild olive tree, were grafted in among them, and with them became a partaker of the root and fatness of the olive tree, 18 do not boast against the branches.  But if you do boast, remember that you do not support the root, but the root supports you.  19 You will say then, “Branches were broken off that I might be grafted in.”  20 Well said.  Because of unbelief they were broken off, and you stand by faith.  Do not be haughty, but fear.  21 For if God did not spare the natural branches, He may not spare you either.  22 Therefore consider the goodness and severity of God:  on those who fell, severity; but toward you, goodness, if you continue in His goodness.  Otherwise you also will be cut off.  23 And they also, if they do not continue in unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again.  24 For if you were cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature,[Easu the Edomite]  and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, who are natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?  25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.  26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:  “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; (NKJV)

Two olive trees are mentioned in this passage of Scripture from Paul:  one that is cultivated, and one that is wild.  Who or what do these two olive trees represent?

The cultivated olive tree depicts the House of Judah, which provided the foundation for the early church (Acts 2:41; 21:20).  This is the olive tree of salvation, for Yeshua said that “salvation is of the Jews” (John 4:22).  Paul portrays those Jews who rejected Yeshua as branches which were broken off from the cultivated olive tree because they did not believe in the Messiah that YHVH sent to His people.

God told Hosea that He was going to cast the House of Israel away because of their sins (Hos. 1:6).  However, He said that He would not cast away the House of Judah (Hos. 1:7), although later their sins were even worse than those of the House of Israel (Eze. 23:11).  YHVH punished the House of Judah, but He never discarded them completely.

The House of Judah is God’s “lawgiver” (lit. “scribe” – Gen. 49:10; Psa. 60:7; 108:8; cf. Rom. 3:1-3).  The Jews had, and continue to have, a major part in the plan YHVH is accomplishing.  As a whole, only the House of Judah has continued to keep God’s Sabbaths, which are the sign between YHVH and His people (Exo. 31:13-17).  Because of this, they alone have been recognized as God’s covenant people down to this day.  However, the House of Israel lost their identity.  They were absorbed into the nations wherein they were scattered.  But God has never lost track of them (Amos 9:9).

This brings us to the wild olive tree Paul speaks of in this passage of Scripture.  Many people equate the wild olive tree with Gentile believers who accept Yeshua as the Messiah.  But is this really who Paul is referring to here?  There is a telling phrase used by Paul in Romans 11:25 that exactly identifies who he is talking about:

ROMANS 11:25 For I do not desire, brethren, that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest you should be wise in your own opinion, that blindness in part has happened to Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in.  26 And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written:  “The Deliverer will come out of Zion, and He will turn away ungodliness from Jacob; (NKJV)

Paul tells us that ALL of Israel, both the House of Judah and the House of Israel, has been blinded to the truth for a period of time.  However, he says that wild olive branches will continue to be grafted in to the cultivated olive tree to replace those branches broken off until the fullness of the Gentiles has been added.  Does the Bible tell us who this “fullness of the Gentiles” is?  Yes, it most certainly does!

GENESIS 48:17 And Joseph saw that his father was putting his right hand on the head of Ephraim; and it was evil in his eyes.  And he took hold of his father’s hand to turn it from Ephraim’s head to the head of Manasseh.  18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father!  For this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.”  19 And his father refused, and said, “I know, my son, I know.  He also shall be a people, and he shall become great.  But his younger brother shall become greater than he, and his seed shall become the fullness of the nations.”  20 And he blessed them in that day, saying, “In you shall Israel bless, saying, ‘May God make you like Ephraim and Manasseh!’ ” And he put Ephraim before Manasseh. (The Interlinear Bible)

On his deathbed, Israel blessed Ephraim when he adopted him and his brother Manasseh.  Israel said that Ephraim’s offspring would become “the fullness of the nations.”  In Hebrew, this phrase is melo hagoyim.  Interestingly, this phrase can also be translated “the fullness of the Gentiles.”  It was Ephraim (representative/leader of the lost 10 tribes of the House of Israel) that Paul had in mind when he spoke of the wild olive tree in Romans 11!

This conclusion is verified by Paul’s earlier statement about these “Gentiles” (Romans 9):

ROMANS 9:22 What if God, wanting to show His wrath and to make His power known, endured with much longsuffering the vessels of wrath prepared for destruction, 23 and that He might make known the riches of His glory on the vessels of mercy, which He had prepared beforehand for glory, 24 even us whom He called, not of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles?  25 As He says also in Hosea:  “I will call them My people, who were not My people, and her beloved, who was not beloved.  26 And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, ‘You are not My people,’ there they shall be called sons of the living God.” (NKJV)

In this passage, Paul quotes from Hosea’s prophecy about the eventual recovery of those Israelites (Ephraim and the tribes associated with him) who were cast away by God because of their sins (Hos. 1:10).  Either Paul was using this prophetic Scripture out of context and applying it to unrelated Gentiles, or the Gentiles he was speaking of were actually the offspring of the lost Israelite tribes.

Other Scriptures indicate that Paul understood that most of the Gentiles he was preaching to were in fact descendants of the 10 lost tribes who had been scattered 800 years earlier and had intermingled with all the nations round about Judea.  To prove this assertion, let’s first look at a telling statement by Paul found in the 10th chapter of 1st Corinthians:

I CORINTHIANS 10:1 Moreover, brethren, I do not want you to be unaware that all our fathers were under the cloud, all passed through the sea, 2 all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3 all ate the same spiritual food, 4 and all drank the same spiritual drink.  For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was Christ.  5 But with most of them God was not well pleased, for their bodies were scattered in the wilderness. (NKJV)

Paul is writing here to a group of former pagan Gentiles (I Cor. 12:2) in Corinth, Greece.  Yet in using the example of the Israelites who had been delivered from Egypt by God during the Exodus, he calls them “all OUR fathers” (I Cor. 10:1).  He certainly wasn’t referring to them as “fathers” in a spiritual sense, because these people rebelled against God and died while wandering in the desert for 40 years.  Therefore, Paul must have been speaking of them as the Corinthians’ PHYSICAL fathers!

The Israelite ancestry of those “Gentiles” was known to the apostle Paul, as his statement to King Agrippa also implies:

ACTS 26:6 “And now I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made by God to our fathers.  7 To this promise our twelve tribes, earnestly serving God night and day, hope to attain.  For this hope’s sake, King Agrippa, I am accused by the Jews.” (NKJV)

The final reunification of the two houses of Israel described in the Tanakh (Eze. 37:15-28; Isa. 11:12-13; etc.) had not been accomplished at the time Paul spoke.  In fact, it still has not been fully accomplished.  Therefore, the 12 tribes he referenced, who were “earnestly serving God night and day,” must have included so-called “Gentile” believers who were, in fact, offspring of the lost tribes of the House of Israel!

Paul wasn’t the only one who understood this truth.  In the salutation of his epistle, James also shows that he knew specifically to whom he was writing when he addressed the body of believers, both Jews and “Gentiles”:

JAMES 1:1 James, a bondservant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad:  Greetings. (NKJV)

What Paul revealed in his epistle to the Roman assembly was the same thing Yeshua spoke of in the 10th chapter of John’s Gospel:

JOHN 10:16 “And other sheep I have which are not of this fold; them also I must bring, and they will hear My voice; and there will be one flock and one shepherd.” (NKJV)

Here Yeshua tells his disciples that he had sheep which belonged to another flock.  He was speaking of the ones to whom he was sent, the lost sheep of the House of Israel (Matt. 15:24).  These sheep had lost their identity and thought that they were Gentiles.  But Yeshua knew who (and where) they were, and it was his divinely sanctioned job to retrieve them for the Father.

Gentiles not of Israelite descent have certainly been included in God’s congregation through the centuries(Exo. 12:38; Isa. 56:3-8).  Yah has always made a way for godly foreigners to become part of His chosen people.  But Scripture indicates that those who have been called by God to His Son (John 6:44, 65) are primarily physical Israelites, both from the House of Judah (the cultivated olive tree) and the House of Israel (the wild olive tree).  These two olive trees are the two witnesses of Revelation 11.

The meaning of the “lampstand” symbolism used in Revelations 11:4 is further confirmation of this identity.  We only have to go back to the 1st chapter of Revelation to see what “lampstands” represent:

REVELATION 1:12 Then I turned to see the voice that spoke with me.  And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and in the midst of the seven lampstands one like the Son of Man, clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band. . . .  20 “The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands:  The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands which you saw are the seven churches.” (NKJV)

The lampstands here depict seven ekklesiai, the seven Asian churches listed in Revelation 1:11.  The Greek noun ekklesia literally means “an assembly of called out ones.”  We can see that in the book of Revelation, a lampstand represents a called out group of people.  The symbolism fits perfectly with the House of Judah and the House of Israel, who were at first called out of Egypt together to be God’s people.  At the end of this age, they will be called out once more to witness against the people of this earth when they forsake YHVH and worship the Antichrist.

The scriptural evidence is overwhelming that the two witnesses, who are symbolically called two olive trees and two lampstands, are in fact the House of Judah and the House of Israel.  With this understanding, we can now clearly see the calling and sealing of these servants of God as it is described in Revelation 7:

REVELATION 7:1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth, that no wind might blow on earth or sea or against any tree.  2 Then I saw another angel ascending from the rising of the sun, with the seal of the living God, and he called with a loud voice to the four angels who had been given power to harm earth and sea, 3 saying, “Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees, until we have sealed the servants of our God on their foreheads.”  4 And I heard the number of the sealed, 144,000, sealed from every tribe of the sons of Israel:  5 12,000 from the tribe of Judah were sealed, 12,000 from the tribe of Reuben, 12,000 from the tribe of Gad, 6 12,000 from the tribe of Asher, 12,000 from the tribe of Naphtali, 12,000 from the tribe of Manasseh, 7 12,000 from the tribe of Simeon, 12,000 from the tribe of Levi, 12,000 from the tribe of Issachar, 8 12,000 from the tribe of Zebulun, 12,000 from the tribe of Joseph, 12,000 from the tribe of Benjamin were sealed. (ESV)

The 144,000 sealed from the tribes of Israel have long been a mystery.  But now the purpose and mission of these witnesses can be understood.  These 144,000 servants will form the two witnesses YHVH uses in the end-time to show the world that He is the one true God.  These witnesses can be divided into two groups:

The House of Judah

  • The tribe of Judah
  • The tribe of Benjamin
  • The tribe of Levi

The House of Israel

  • The tribe of Joseph
  • The tribe of Manasseh
  • The tribe of Reuben
  • The tribe of Gad
  • The tribe of Asher
  • The tribe of Naphtali
  • The tribe of Simeon
  • The tribe of Issachar
  • The tribe of Zebulun

The tribe of Joseph has a double portion among the tribes (with Manasseh replacing the missing tribe of Dan), as his father Israel promised (Gen. 48:22).  Why is the tribe of Dan omitted from the twelve tribes sealed in Revelation 7?

In Genesis 49, Israel gives deathbed prophecies to all his sons regarding their fate in the “last days” (Gen. 49:1).  The prophecy for the tribe of Dan explains the reason why he is not included as part of the two witnesses:

GENESIS 49:16 “Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel.” (NKJV)

Since one cannot be both a witness and a judge in a matter, the tribe of Dan was chosen by God to be the judge in this end-time situation.  He is prophesied to be the judge of those among the offspring of Israel that forsake the true God and follow the beast (Antichrist).  However, the nature of Dan’s judgment is not detailed.

The prophet Joel speaks of the sanctifying of the servants of God in the end times:

JOEL 2:28 “And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out My Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions.  29 And also on My menservants and on My maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days.  30 And I will show wonders in the heavens and in the earth:  Blood and fire and pillars of smoke.  31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the coming of the great and awesome day of the LORD.  32 And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.  For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be deliverance, as the LORD has said, among the remnant whom the LORD calls.” (NKJV)

Peter used this very passage of Scripture to explain the miracle which occurred on Pentecost in Acts 2.  But there remains an ultimate fulfillment of this prophecy which will occur during the unfolding of the events recorded in Revelation (compare Joel 2:30-31 with Rev. 6:12, 8:12).

The future sealing of the 144,000 will most likely occur on an upcoming Shavu’ot (also known as “Pentecost”).  The Jews associate trumpets with three of God’s commanded Feast Days:

  • The “First Trumpet” is sounded on Shavu’ot.
  • The “Last Trumpet” is sounded on Yom Teruah (also called Rosh Hashanah and the “Feast of Trumpets”).
  • The “Great Trumpet” is sounded on Yom Kippur (also known as the “Day of Atonement”).

When will the “first trumpet” of Revelation be sounded?  At the time shown in Revelation 8:7, which chronologically is a very short time after the 144,000 are sealed in Revelation 7:4-8.  The Spirit of God fell upon the 120 (Acts 1:15) after “the day of Pentecost had fully come” (Acts 2:1).  In like manner, the first trumpet of Revelation will be blown after the 144,000 (120 x 12 x 100) have been sealed, when this future Pentecost has “fully come.”

Now let’s look more closely at what these “two witnesses” will be doing during their 1,260 days of testimony (Rev. 11:3).  We are given two glimpses into their future activities by events that occurred during the ministry of Messiah Yeshua nearly 2,000 years ago:

LUKE 9:1 Then he called his twelve disciples together and gave them power and authority over all demons, and to cure diseases.  2 He sent them to preach the kingdom of God and to heal the sick.  3 And he said to them, “Take nothing for the journey, neither staffs nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have two tunics apiece.  4 Whatever house you enter, stay there, and from there depart.  5 And whoever will not receive you, when you go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet as a testimony against them.” (NKJV)

The commission to the 12 disciples to go out and preach the kingdom of God to “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” (Matt. 10:6) was the first antetype of the sending out of the 144,000 at the end of the age.  Yeshua’s instructions and warnings regarding what the disciples were to expect during their mission is found in Matthew’s parallel account of this event:

MATTHEW 10:16 “Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.  17 But beware of men, for they will deliver you up to councils and scourge you in their synagogues.  18 You will be brought before governors and kings for my sake, as a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.  19 But when they deliver you up, do not worry about how or what you should speak.  For it will be given to you in that hour what you should speak; 20 for it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.  21 Now brother will deliver up brother to death, and a father his child; and children will rise up against parents and cause them to be put to death.  22 And you will be hated by all for my name’s sake.  But he who endures to the end will be saved.  23 When they persecute you in this city, flee to another.  For assuredly, I say to you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel before the Son of Man comes.  24 A disciple is not above his teacher, nor a servant above his master.  25 It is enough for a disciple that he be like his teacher, and a servant like his master.  If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more will they call those of his household!  26 Therefore do not fear them.  For there is nothing covered that will not be revealed, and hidden that will not be known.” (NKJV)

Yeshua told the original 12 disciples what would happen to them during their preaching of the gospel of the kingdom of God.  Yet his words also apply to what the 144,000 should expect as they go out into the world to preach the age-ending coming of the kingdom.

Yeshua’s comment that “he who endures to the end will be saved” (Matt. 10:22) is evidence that these words also pertain to the witnesses at the end of the age.  This same statement was repeated by Yeshua just before his crucifixion.  In response to the question his disciples posed regarding “the sign of his coming and of the end of the age” (Matt. 24:3), Yeshua said:

MATTHEW 24:9 “Then they will deliver you up to tribulation and kill you, and you will be hated by all nations for my name’s sake.  10 And then many will be offended, will betray one another, and will hate one another.  11 Then many false prophets will rise up and deceive many.  12 And because lawlessness will abound, the love of many will grow cold.  13 But he who endures to the end shall be saved.  14 And this gospel of the kingdom will be preached in all the world as a witness to all the nations, and then the end will come.” (NKJV)

Clearly the Messiah was not speaking solely to the 12 disciples here.  They did not take the gospel of the kingdom into all nations as a witness, and the end of the age and his return did not come during their days.  Therefore, we know that these words were also intended for a later group of witnesses.

Luke’s account shows that a second antetypical group was sent forth after the original 12, with similar instructions:

LUKE 10:1 After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them on ahead of him, two by two, into every town and place where he himself was about to go.  2 And he said to them, “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few.  Therefore pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest.  3 Go your way; behold, I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves.  4 Carry no moneybag, no knapsack, no sandals, and greet no one on the road.  5 Whatever house you enter, first say, ‘Peace be to this house!’  6 And if a son of peace is there, your peace will rest upon him.  But if not, it will return to you.  7 And remain in the same house, eating and drinking what they provide, for the laborer deserves his wages.  Do not go from house to house.  8 Whenever you enter a town and they receive you, eat what is set before you.  9 Heal the sick in it and say to them, ‘The kingdom of God has come near to you.’  10 But whenever you enter a town and they do not receive you, go into its streets and say, 11 ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet we wipe off against you.  Nevertheless know this, that the kingdom of God has come near.’ ” (ESV)

The “72” disciples mentioned in Luke 10:1 above is said to be “70” in some other ancient manuscripts.  The reason for this discrepancy is unknown, but the difference is not confined to specific manuscript groupings.  Both Alexandrian and Western Greek manuscripts have examples of “72,” as do some Syriac manuscripts.  In The Gospel of Luke: A Commentary on the Greek Text, I. Howard Marshall states that manuscript “evidence in favour of 72 is the stronger” (p. 415).

Just as the number “12” is linked to “144,000” (12 x 12,000 = 144,000), the number “72” is also related to the number “144,000” in an interesting way:

72 x 2,000 = 144,000

About 2,000 years ago, Yeshua dispatched the 72 disciples “two by two” on their mission to prepare for the first harvest by preaching the gospel of the kingdom.  Soon, the 144,000 from the two houses of Israel will once again be sent out “two by two.”  Each pair of these witnesses will travel throughout the cities of the world to proclaim that the kingdom of God is coming soon in its fullness.

LUKE 10:17 The seventy-two returned with joy, saying, “Lord, even the demons are subject to us in your name!”  18 And he said to them, “I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven.  19 Behold, I have given you authority to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy, and nothing shall hurt you. 20 Nevertheless, do not rejoice in this, that the spirits are subject to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven.” (ESV)

The 72 disciples were given power over the demons in the days of Yeshua’s ministry.  In like manner, the 144,000 will also have such authority over “serpents and scorpions,” the demonic horde released from the Abyss (Rev. 9:1-11).

Now let’s look at the fate of these two (144,000) witnesses, as revealed by John’s vision:

100_3385

After the witnesses have finished their testimony before all the nations, YHVH will allow the Antichrist who had previously come up out of the Abyss (Rev. 9:11) to make war against them and kill them.  For additional information on this Beast and his activities in the end-time, see my article “Who Is The ‘Destroyer’?

For many people (formerly including myself), the end of verse 8 clearly establishes Jerusalem as the place where the witnesses will die.  It’s commonly understood that Yeshua was crucified in Jerusalem.  However, John’s very next use of the phrase “the GREAT CITY” in Revelation 14:8 shows that this is a reference to Babylon the Great, not the earthly Jerusalem.

The “great city” of Revelation 11:8 where our Lord was crucified is Satan’s Babylonian system.  Babylon the Great is called a CITY because it is patterned after the original city of Babel (Gen. 11:1-5).  This Babel (i.e., Babylon) was the first successful attempt at GLOBAL government on the earth.  Virtually all of mankind was gathered together in this one city under the rule of Nimrod, the original type of the Antichrist.  The famous Tower in the original city of Babel evidenced the rebellion of mankind against God; this rebellion will be replicated at the end of the age.

The Babel system of Satan is prophesied to rise up and rule over God’s people seven times before it is finally destroyed at the end of this age by the coming of the Messiah.  At the time John saw his vision of that system (Rev. 17:1-11), five of the Babel-patterned kingdoms had already arisen and fallen.  These five were: (1) Egypt, (2) Assyria, (3) Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon, (4) Medo-Persia, and (5) Greece.  The one that was then “alive” was (6) Rome.  Then comes the final one, (7) the end-time Babylon the Great, which in John’s day was still far in the future.

When John spoke of the “great city” where the Lord was crucified, he was speaking of Satan’s Babylonian system “Beast,” NOT the physical city of Jerusalem.  Rome was part of that Beast, the 6th incarnation of the “great city Babel” that existed in John’s day.  It was within the Roman Empire that Messiah Yeshua was crucified.  Indeed, without the Roman involvement, Messiah would NOT have been crucified, since crucifixion was a uniquely Roman form of capital punishment.

The phrase “make war against them” implies that action against the two witnesses is much more involved than just having two men killed.  The Greek word used for “witnesses” in this passage is martusin; the English word “martyr” is derived from the singular form of this Greek word.  At the end of their testimony, all 144,000 witnesses will be martyred for God:

100_3387100_3382Revelation 11:10-12

Such will be the hatred of the Antichrist-worshiping masses for these 144,000 witnesses that their bodies will be left to rot in the streets of cities all over the world after they are beheaded by the forces of the Beast.  The world [and all of today’s misled religions] will be so glad to see these two groups of witnesses slain that they will declare a global holiday and rejoice over their deaths.  But their defeat is not the end of the story:

Three-and-a-half days after the Beast is allowed to slay the witnesses of the House of Judah and the House of Israel (a day for every year they prophesied in the cities of the world), Yeshua the Messiah is going to raise them from the dead in the sight of all their enemies.  This event will cause the Antichrist to lose a 10th of his kingdom and bring to a close the 6th trumpet (also called “the 2nd woe”-Rev. 11:14), setting the stage for the end of the age at the 7th trumpet (Rev. 11:15-18).

After the Messiah establishes his kingdom and begins to rule from Jerusalem, these witnesses shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years (Rev. 20:4-6).  This is the reward of those from the House of Judah and the House of Israel who are called to be the witnesses of YHVH at the end of the age.  Amen!

Bryan T. Huie
July 22, 2000

http://www.herealittletherealittle.net/index.cfm?page_name=2-Witnesses-in-Revelation

Revised: September 1, 2013

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble  offers a good choice being many individual reads on various subjects concerning the major mess America and our entire world civilization is truly in; and includes worldwide mislead Christianity according to the Bible.

 

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THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN GROUP OR CONGREGATION SERVICES

Prior to reading what the Bible and Paul speak about women and their position, know that I love my wife very much, respect her, and depend on her as my only real support in this life, which for us has been almost nothing but difficulties since 2007. When two become as one through love, if she asks me a question regarding scripture, or if she speaks her belief on any particular subject within the Bible; we as men being their head, because Yeshua is our head, and YHVH is His Head are to only speak according to what we have been taught through our studies in spirit and truth. Even though my own studies began alone back around 1990, and to this day still remain just between me and YHVH, my wife and I share equal faith, need each other for support, and only put our trust in Yehovah for all things. I only speak these words because many accused Paul as chauvinistic, so in today’s modern society of equal rights, women’s lib, and every other subject, biblical truth is just not liked or accepted – even though Paul was only telling facts according to our creator – therefore what follows is needed education few shall learn now, but all through much affliction, tribulation and wrath, or after the 2nd resurrection.

100_3376 1 C0rinthians 14:34-35

In 21st-century western culture, we see many things practiced in worship and religion that were absent from the 1st-century church.  Things taken for granted in some of today’s Christian denominations would have been rejected as heresy by the early church.  One of the innovations of the past century is the increased participation of women in formal worship services.  In today’s society, it is considered intolerant to restrict the participation of woman based solely on gender.

However, if we claim to be followers of Yeshua the Messiah and seek to live our lives as he did, what should be our guidance in this matter?  Should we follow today’s cultural norms without question in order to be “politically correct,” or should we look to the Bible to see what God would have us do?

Let’s allow Yeshua’s own words to answer this question:

MATTHEW 4:4 But he answered and said, “It is written, ‘Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God.’ ” (NKJV)

Moses also addressed what God expects of His people:

DEUTERONOMY 12:32 “Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take away from it.” (NKJV)

Additionally, the book of Proverbs speaks of the value in heeding God’s words:

PROVERBS 30:5 Every word of God is pure; He is a shield to those who put their trust in Him.  6 Do not add to His words, lest He rebuke you, and you be found a liar. (NKJV)

If we truly are going to live “by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God,” we have to put aside what we think and what we want, and see what GOD thinks and what HE wants.  Today’s world is in rebellion against God and His commands. Paul’s exhortation and warning to Timothy in his final letter to him is very relevant to the time we live in now:

II TIMOTHY 4:1 I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom:  2 preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching.  3 For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, 4 and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths. (ESV)

Certainly today we have a majority of believers who have rejected sound scriptural doctrine.  They have turned away from following the truth (God’s word-John 17:17) and have instead crafted rationalized fiction to accommodate their own desires and lusts.

In this article, we’re going to look at what the Bible says about the role of women in a formal church service.  The following information is not MY opinion; it’s what the Bible teaches.

In researching this topic, I read dozens of articles by people with a variety of different views.  I encountered an incredible amount of rationalization regarding current practices.  Some argued that Paul’s instructions were cultural and specific to the situations of his day.  Some said that Paul was a male chauvinist and should be ignored because his words contradict the teachings of Yeshua.  Some said that the Scriptures addressing this topic were not originally part of the Bible, but were instead added later.  Some said that Paul was writing only about unconverted or unlearned women who attended worship services.  Some stated that just two passages of relevant Scripture weren’t enough to establish church doctrine.  Some went so far as to claim that the Bible clearly shows women were leaders, teachers and apostles in the early church, and only later did a male-dominated leadership restrict them from these positions.

Most of the world does not understand or accept what the Bible plainly teaches about men and women.  The difference between what most people think today and what Paul taught nearly 2,000 years ago is rooted in the fundamental difference in the modern view regarding the composition of the human race.

To Paul, mankind was made up of families.  The family was the basic organizational structure for human relationships.  Within families, there was an order prescribed by God.  This order was instituted by God at the very beginning.

But for those living in today’s western feminist societies, the human race is no longer made up of families, but rather of individuals.  A woman is just another person like a man.  Therefore, most people in today’s world don’t see any reason for dealing differently with men and women.

Many believers today feel that what the Bible teaches about male and female relationships is irrelevant in our modern society.  When we ignore the Bible, as well as the inherent physical, mental, and emotional differences between men and women, there does not seem to be any reason why we should NOT view the sexes as equivalent.

But if we are going to be honest with ourselves about God’s word, we have to consider objectively what is written there about the relationship of men and women.  This article is going to examine what the Bible teaches regarding the roles God ordained for men and women.  In the end, it all comes back to the authority of the Bible in our lives.  Are we really willing to live by every word of God?

The best place to begin this study is at the beginning:

GENESIS 2:4 This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, 5 before any plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown.  For the LORD God had not caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man to till the ground; 6 but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.  7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.  8 The LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed.  9 And out of the ground the LORD God made every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food.  The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. . . .  15 Then the LORD God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it.  16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”  18 And the LORD God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; I will make him a HELPER [‘ezer] comparable to him.”  19 Out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them.  And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name.  20 So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field.  But for Adam there was not found a helper [‘ezer] comparable to him.  21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs [tzal’otayv], and closed up the flesh in its place.  22 Then the rib [tzela’] which the LORD God had taken from man He made into a woman, and He brought her to the man.  23 And Adam said:  “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.”  24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.  25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. (NKJV)

Very soon after the creation, God saw that Adam was in need of someone comparable to himself to help him with the duties that had been assigned to him.  So God took a rib (Heb. tzela’) from Adam, and used it to create woman to be his helper.

The fact that God took a rib, and not another part of Adam’s body, is very significant.  The The Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT) says of tzela’ that “elsewhere it is an architectural term.  It refers to the sides of an object” (p. 768, vol. II).  The use of man’s rib in the creation of woman clearly shows that she was not to be over the man, nor was she to be trodden under his foot.  Rather, she was to be his supporter, working with him at his side.

This view of the role of woman is also confirmed by the use of the word ‘ezer (“helper”) in regard to her.  TWOT states that while the word ‘ezer “designates assistance, it is more frequently used in a concrete sense to designate the assistant” (p. 661, vol. II).  The woman, Eve, was intended by God to be Adam’s assistant, helping him with his responsibilities and subject to his authority.

GENESIS 3:1 Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made.  And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?”  2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’ ”  4 Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die.  5 For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” (NKJV)

Notice the tactic of Satan the serpent (Rev. 12:9; 20:2).  He approached Eve while Adam was absent.  He asked her a question regarding instructions Adam alone had received before she was created (Gen. 2:16-17).  Therefore, the only way she would have known what God had instructed regarding the fruit of the tree of the knowledge was if Adam had relayed it to her accurately.  Besides clearly calling God’s trustworthiness into question, it is likely that Satan was also subtly tempting Eve to doubt that Adam had told her the full story.  While disparaging the motive of God regarding the warning, Satan also tried to cause Eve to distrust Adam.

GENESIS 3:6 So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate.  She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate.  7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves coverings.  8 And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden.  9 Then the LORD God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?”  10 So he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.”  11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked?  Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?”  12 Then the man said, “The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.”  13 And the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”  The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”  14 So the LORD God said to the serpent:  “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all cattle, and more than every beast of the field; on your belly you shall go, and you shall eat dust all the days of your life.  15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.”  16 To the woman He said:  “I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in pain you shall bring forth children; your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”  17 Then to Adam He said, “Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’:  “Cursed is the ground for your sake; in toil you shall eat of it all the days of your life.  18 Both thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you, and you shall eat the herb of the field.  19 In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for dust you are, and to dust you shall return.” (NKJV)

The sin of Adam and Eve led to curses being placed on both men and women.  Likewise, the sin of Satan brought a curse upon him and those angels who joined him in rebellion against God.  The curses on women are specifically listed in Genesis 3:16.

The book of Genesis provides us with an understanding of God’s original intent and purpose (Matt. 19:8).  As we’ll see when we review the apostle Paul’s comments on the role of women in the church, he appeals not to the culture of the day, but rather to the teaching of the Torah.  He uses chapters Genesis 2 and 3 to support his position.

The Genesis 2 account emphasizes the relationships of the man with his Creator, plants, animals, and the woman.  Genesis 2 highlights the three features which differentiate the man and the woman:

  1. God created woman at a different time; she was made AFTER man.  His priority in time has implications, as Paul points out (I Tim. 2:12-13).  In the divine order, a firstborn carries responsibility for, and authority over, those who come afterward.
  2. God created woman from a different material; she was made FROM man.  Paul uses this fact to support the headship of the man (I Cor. 11:8).
  3. God created woman for a different purpose; she was made FOR man.  The reverse is not true (I Cor. 11:9).  Woman’s primary function is in relation to man, but man was created first without reference to her (Gen. 2:15).

All three of these distinctions are mentioned in the New Testament as being significant to the divinely defined roles of men and women.  However, this does NOT in any way mean that women are inferior to men.  As Paul tells us in Galatians 3:28, all who accept the Messiah become heirs to the promise of Abraham:

GALATIANS 3:26 For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.  27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.  28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.  29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise. (NKJV)

In this passage, Paul shows the potential for the salvation for ALL of humanity.  Both men and women will be in the kingdom of God.  However, Paul does not mean that NOW there are no longer defined roles and lines of authority.  Even though Jews, Greeks, slaves, men and women can all be saved, there are still roles that each will play in God’s plan during this age.  And these roles are different.

In the the book of Acts, we are told that Paul went from Athens to the Grecian city of Corinth (Acts 18:1).  He taught in the synagogue at first, and then at the house of Justus, who lived next door to the synagogue (Acts 18:4-7).  In a vision, Yeshua told Paul to stay there because he had many people in the city (Acts 18:9-10).  So Paul spent “a good while” longer than a year and half in Corinth, teaching the word of God to many former pagans (Acts 18:11-18).

However, some time after Paul had moved on, he heard from members of the Corinthian church that disputes and heresies had arisen there within the congregation.  From the letter Paul subsequently wrote to address these problems, it is clear that the practices of the Corinthian assembly had begun to significantly deviate from those of other messianic congregations.

Much of Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians deals with proper conduct of believers during informal and formal worship.  As part of his correction and instruction, Paul outlined the divinely established order to the Corinthian congregation in the 11th chapter of his first letter:

I CORINTHIANS 11:1 Imitate me, just as I also imitate Christ.  2 Now I praise you, brethren, that you remember me in all things and keep the traditions just as I delivered them to you.  3 But I want you to know that the head [kephale] of every man [andros] is Christ, the head [kephale] of woman [gunaikos] is man [aner], and the head [kephale] of Christ is God. (NKJV)

Paul starts this section of his letter by exhorting the Corinthians to follow his example ONLY as he followed the example of Messiah (v. 1).  He begins his correction with a quick acknowledgement that the Corinthians were still adhering to the instructions he had given them while there (v. 2).  However, Paul then immediately lays the groundwork for his ensuing guidance by listing the line of authority established by God (v. 3).

God is not the author of confusion (I Cor. 14:33).  In the church, as in families, there must be some defined structure of authority for all things to work properly.  The Greek word kephale is used metaphorically in verse 3 to signify one (or a group) who is superior in authority.  According to Paul, the line of authority in the church is as follows:

God the Father

Yeshua the Messiah

Men

Women

The Greek noun andros, and its variants (including aner), can refer generally to males or specifically to husbands, depending on the context.  Alternately, the noun gune and its various forms can be translated either as “woman” or “wife” based on context.

However, it is evident in this passage that the broader meaning is intended.  Messiah’s authority over the church does not extend just to husbands and wives.  He is over the ENTIRE church (all men and women).

Paul begins his discussion of the wearing of a headcovering by telling the Corinthians that God the Father is the ultimate authority.  Under Him is Messiah Yeshua, then males, and finally, females.  This seems like a strange way to begin this topic, but it is actually very relevant, as we shall see.

I CORINTHIANS 11:4 Every man [aner] praying or prophesying, having his head [kephales] covered [kata], dishonors his head [kephalen]. (NKJV)

After outlining the authorities in the church, Paul starts his corrective instructions.  He tells the Corinthian men that if they pray or prophesy with their physical head “covered,” they dishonor their spiritual head, Yeshua the Messiah (v. 3).  The Greek preposition kata, which is translated “covered” here, denotes direction and literally means “down from.”

Many take the discussion of the headcovering in this passage to be referring specifically to hair.  As we shall see shortly, verse 6 absolutely eliminates that possibility.  Paul is actually referring to the wearing of a fabric veil or covering on the head.

Paul starts out by addressing the practice the Corinthian men had adopted of praying or prophesying with a veil or covering hanging down from their head.  A similar custom is currently practiced by some Jews and messianics, where a tallit (“prayer shawl”) is draped over a man’s head during prayer.  This custom is supposed to represent the man creating a personal “prayer closet” to ensure privacy during the act of praying.  It appears that it was the Corinthian’s adoption of this custom (or one similar to it) that prompted Paul’s instructions here.

I CORINTHIANS 11:5 But every woman [gune] who prays or prophesies with her head [kephale] uncovered [akatakalupto] dishonors her head [kephalen], for that is one and the same as if her head were shaved [exuremene]. (NKJV)

Paul now addresses the reverse situation which was occurring among the Corinthian women.  The Greek compound word akatakalupto (“uncovered”) is made up of three parts:  the negative particle a, kata, and kalupto, which means “to cover” or “to veil.”  Literally, this word means “not veiled” or “not covered” (with a garment that hangs “down from” the head).

Here, Paul notifies the women in the Corinthian church that if they pray or prophesy with their physical head “unveiled” or “uncovered,” they dishonor the men in the congregation, who are their spiritual head (v. 3).  At the end of this verse, Paul states that the practice of a woman praying or prophesying without a veil covering her head was as scandalous as if her head were shaved (Gr. root xurao).

At that time, shaving a woman’s head was one of the punishments decreed for convicted adultresses.  Additionally, it appears that some of the sacred prostitutes from the pagan temples shaved their heads.  Properly understood, this statement was designed to show the Corinthian women how shameful it was to abandon wearing a headcovering.

I CORINTHIANS 11:6 For if a woman [gune] is not covered [ou katakaluptetai], let her also be shorn [keirastho].  But if it is shameful [aischron] for a woman [gunaiki] to be shorn [keirasthai] or shaved [xurasthai], let her be covered [katakaluptesthe]. (NKJV)

Paul here greatly strengthens his condemnation from the preceding verse.  He goes so far as to command that if any woman in the Corinthian assembly refused to wear a headcovering during prayer or prophecy, she should have her hair cut short (Gr. root keiro), or shaved off altogether, to make her shame evident to all.  He then reverses his statement by saying that if it was considered shameful for a woman to have her hair cut short or shaved off (and it WAS), then she should avoid that fate by covering her head (with a fabric headcovering).

This verse destroys the argument that Paul is speaking of a woman’s long hair as her covering.  To illustrate the absurdity of that position, let’s look at part of this verse using that assumption:

For if a woman is not covered (by long hair), let her hair be cut short.

To take the position that Paul is speaking here of long hair as a woman’s covering, we have to believe that his command was that if a woman had short hair, she needed to have her hair cut short as punishment.  As you can see, this view doesn’t make any sense.  Obviously, the covering Paul is speaking of has to be something other than hair.

I CORINTHIANS 11:7 For a man [aner] indeed ought not to cover [katakaluptesthai] his head [kephalen], since he is the image and glory of God; but woman [gune] is the glory of man [andros].  8 For man [aner] is not from woman [gunaikos], but woman [gune] from man [andros].  9 Nor was man [aner] created for the woman [gunaika], but woman [gune] for the man [andra]. (NKJV)

Contrary to the claims of some, Paul is not basing his teaching on the headcovering on 1st-century culture or circumstances unique to the Corinthians.  As he does elsewhere in his writings (cf. I Tim. 2:13), Paul refers back to the creation story to support his position.  The order established at the beginning by God is the basis for his teaching.  Man was created first.  Woman was created afterward from man and for man.

I CORINTHIANS 11:10 For this reason [dia touto] the woman [gune] ought to have a symbol of authority [exousian] on her head [kephales], because of the angels. (NKJV)

To most people, this is one of the most enigmatic verses within Paul’s writings.  However, the beginning of the sentence (“for this reason” – dia touto) shows us that Paul’s conclusion in this verse is directly tied to his observations in the previous verses.  Woman was created for man; THAT IS WHY (dia touto) a woman should wear a headcovering.  This veil is a powerful symbol which shows the angelic realm (Gen. 6:1-4) that the woman wearing it has accepted the divine order established at creation.

As a side note, in his work Against Heresies, Catholic church father Irenaeus (120-202 C.E.) rendered this verse as follows:  “A woman ought to have a veil [kalumma] upon her head, because of the angels” (sec. 2, ch. 8, bk. 1).  Irenaeus understood the “power” (exousia) on a woman’s head to be a cloth covering of some kind and not a woman’s hair.

I CORINTHIANS 11:11 Nevertheless, neither is man [aner] independent of woman [gunaikos], nor woman [gune] independent of man [andros], in the Lord.  12 For as woman [gune] came from man [andros], even so man [aner] also comes through woman [gunaikos]; but all things are from God. (NKJV)

Paul now seeks to balance his exposition of scriptural authority with a proper understanding of how that authority should be viewed.  In the Lord, men and women are not independent of each other.  Just as woman was initially created from the man, now man comes through woman via the birth process.  Man was placed in charge by God because order is necessary to the proper functioning of the family, not because man is somehow “better” than woman.

I CORINTHIANS 11:13 Judge among yourselves.  Is it proper for a woman [gunaika] to pray to God with her head uncovered [akatakalupton]?  14 Does not even nature itself teach you that if a man [aner] has long hair, it is a dishonor to him?  15 But if a woman [gune] has long hair, it is a glory to her; for her hair is given to her for a covering [peribolaiou].(NKJV)

Paul concludes his teaching on the headcovering by drawing an analogy between nature and the requirement for a woman to be veiled during prayer.  Just as nature shows that a woman should have long hair (and conversely, a man should not), Paul states that during prayer, a woman should be veiled (and a man should not).

It’s interesting to note that the Greek word translated “covering” at the end of verse 15 is peribolaiou.  This word appears only one other time in the New Testament (Heb. 1:12), where it is rendered “cloak.”  The Greek word for “veil” (kalumma – II Cor. 3:13-16) is purposely not used here, because a woman’s hair was not the covering or veil Paul was speaking about.

Historical sources from the early centuries of the church agree that the headcovering mentioned in I Corinthians 11:4-13 was a fabric covering worn by the women in worship.  These sources sometimes differ about the application of the headcovering, but they are solidly in agreement that Paul’s reference to women being covered in worship was to a cloth headcovering and not to the hair of a woman.

I CORINTHIANS 11:16 But if anyone seems to be contentious, we have no such custom, nor do the churches of God. (NKJV)

Here Paul wraps up his teaching on the headcovering by stating that no custom such as that which had been instituted at Corinth (men praying with their head veiled, women praying without a veil) existed anywhere else.  What he had just explained to them was standard practice throughout all the messianic assemblies, and they were bound to follow it.

Moving on to the 14th chapter of I Corinthians, Paul addresses another issue where the congregation was having problems:  Speaking in formal worship services.  Because of disorderly speaking practices, confusion reigned during the Corinthian worship services.

From the comments made in this chapter by Paul, we see that there were essentially three speaking problems that had arisen:

  1. Speaking in tongues during services;
  2. Prophets speaking during services; and
  3. Women speaking during services.

Most of Paul’s instruction in this chapter deals with speaking in tongues.  To summarize his teaching on tongues, Paul states that he who speaks in a tongue speaks to God, not men (I Cor. 14:2).  He says that speaking in tongues is a sign to unbelievers (I Cor. 14:22).  Therefore, it does not benefit the congregation for someone to speak in tongues unless there is an interpreter present, and then only two or three should speak (I Cor. 14:27).  But if no one is there to interpret, then the one speaking in tongues should remain silent (I Cor. 14:28).  To do otherwise would not build up the assembly, and edification is the primary reason to desire such spiritual gifts (I Cor. 14:12).

Paul also explains how and when prophets should address the assembled congregation.  He says prophecy is a more important spiritual gift than speaking in tongues (I Cor. 14:1-5).  Prophecy is a sign to believers (I Cor. 14:22-24); it shows that God is present in the congregation (I Cor. 14:25).  Only two or three prophets were to speak (I Cor. 14:29), and then only one at a time (I Cor. 14:31).  The purpose for Paul to outline these instructions was to reign in the chaos that was ensuing from everyone trying to speak at the same time.  As he bluntly states, “God is not the author of confusion” (I Cor. 14:33).  Only if things were done in an orderly manner could the congregation benefit from these spiritual gifts.

The final section of I Corinthians 14 deals with women speaking in formal worship services:

I CORINTHIANS 14:33b As in all the churches of the saints, 34 the women [gunaikes] should keep silent [sigatosan] in the churches.  For they are not permitted to speak [lalein], but should be in submission [hupotassesthai], as the Law also says. (ESV)

Paul starts off in verse 33 by saying that what he was teaching was common practice in all the messianic congregations.  Earlier in his first letter to the Corinthians, Paul stated that his preaching was consistent everywhere (I Cor. 4:17).  Therefore, the ensuing instructions were not just for the women of the Corinthian congregation, but for women in all the “churches of the saints.”  Those who propose that only the Corinthian women were effected by this teaching must ignore other Scriptures which are equally clear on the subject (e.g., I Tim. 2:11-15).

In verse 34, Paul commands that women remain silent and not speak “in the assembly.”  Some have tried to weaken Paul’s teaching by suggesting that the term “speak” here refers simply to idle chit-chat or gossip by women during the worship service rather than to serious public participation in the study of Scripture.  This position is not supportable based on the original text, however.  The Greek root verb laleo is used 24 times in this chapter (I Cor. 14:2-6, 9, 11, 13, 18, 19, 21, 23, 27-29, 34, 35, 39).  It simply means to audibly speak, whether that speech be in another tongue, from a prophet, or from a woman.

Still others have attempted to paint Paul’s teaching as a cultural issue, based on conditions unique to Corinth and unrelated to modern believers.  But Paul’s command was not based on special circumstances in the Corinthian culture.  It was based on the biblical principle of humble submission to divinely-ordained authority (in this case, the authority man has over woman based on creation).

This is the reason for the citation of “the Law” as the basis for his instructions at the end of verse 34.  Many try to argue that since there is no specific law in the Torah forbidding women to speak, Paul must have been referring to some unbiblical law that is not binding on modern believers.  However, Paul’s use of “the Law” here is a reference back to the creation account we examined previously (Gen. 2-3).  “The Law” is simply another name for the Torah, the first five books of Moses (cf. Matt. 5:17; 7:12; 22:40; Luke 24:44; Acts 13:15).

It is fashionable now to reject Paul’s teaching on women speaking as though it was some chauvinistic doctrine that only he taught, some personal bias that is inconsistent with other biblical revelation.  Yet the silence of women in the churches was not a new innovation given only to the Corinthians.  The practice Paul required in formal church services was based on the scriptural principle of submission found in Genesis.  Peter speaks of this same principle in his first general epistle in relation to marriage (I Pet. 3:1-6).

I CORINTHIANS 14:35 If there is anything they desire to learn, let them ask their husbands at home.  For it is shameful [aischron] for a woman to speak [lalein] in church. (ESV)

If verse 34 is difficult for many to accept, verse 35 is even more so.  Just as a woman having a shorn or shaved head was said to be “shameful” (aischron – I Cor. 11:6), so too is a woman speaking in formal worship services disgraceful.  It would almost seem that Paul is “rubbing salt in the wound” here.  A woman cannot even ask a question in a formal worship service, but she must ask her own husband at home because it would be shameful for her to speak in church.

Why would God forbid a woman to ask a question in the church meeting?  What would be the harm of a simple question?

Questions are seldom neutral.  While some questions are sincerely asked to gain information or insight, many are posed for other reasons.  Satan, for example, commenced his conversation with Eve with a question (“Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?” – Gen. 3:1).  He was not trying to learn from Eve, but instead, he was laying the groundwork to deceive her and tempt her into sin.

The opposition which Yeshua faced from the Jewish religious leaders of his day frequently came in the form of apparently innocent questions (e.g., “Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?” – Matt. 22:17).  Many who ask questions are really trying to make a point or to challenge the position of the one being questioned.  The power to question is the authority to lead and to correct, and thus it should be exercised by the men of the congregation, whom God has appointed to authority (I Cor. 11:3).

Paul used the principle of BUILDING UP the assembly in verse 26 to form the basis for his commands.  Therefore, there should also be positive reasons why women are prohibited from asking questions in a formal worship setting.

There are at least two ways that this prohibition teaches men:

First, the men will be stimulated to more serious study when their wives look to THEM for the answers to their biblical questions.  As long as the wife looks to someone other than her husband for spiritual guidance, he will not feel the weight of his responsibility as the leader of the home.  That is why Paul says, “let them ask their own husbands at home.”

Additionally, the husband’s authority will not be threatened and he will not be put on the spot publicly if he is asked at home.  If he does not know the answer, he will not be embarrassed in front of the congregation, but will be able to investigate the matter more fully before taking a stand.

I CORINTHIANS 14:36 Or was it from you that the word of God came?  Or are you the only ones it has reached? (ESV)

The almost bitter words that Paul adds in verse 36 show that he was very displeased with what had happened in Corinth.  In this verse, he reproaches the Corinthians for the innovation of permitting women to speak in the formal worship assembly.  Paul sarcastically reminds them that they were not the source of the Scriptures, nor were they the only ones who possessed them.  He encouraged them to observe the order in the Torah that God had established at the beginning and not to seek some new way of their own devising.  This order was the common practice among all the other messianic congregations of God.

I CORINTHIANS 14:37 If anyone thinks that he is a prophet, or spiritual, he should acknowledge that the things I am writing to you are a command of the Lord.  38 If anyone does not recognize this, he is not recognized.  39 So, my brothers, earnestly desire to prophesy, and do not forbid speaking in tongues.  40 But all things should be done decently and in order. (ESV)

Paul clearly states that these teachings were not his opinion, but rather the commands of the Lord (v. 37).  Those who rejected them would themselves be rejected (v. 38).  His overriding concern was that things be done according to the proper order.

What must be noted in conclusion to our review of this passage in I Cor. 14 is:

  1. The prohibition of speaking in the church to women is specific, absolute, and all-inclusive.  They are to keep silent in all formal public worship services.  They are not to ask questions.
  2. This prohibition is given precisely for the related matters of teaching and ruling (specifically to avoid challenging the elders’ functions of teaching and overseeing the congregation, and the right of each husband to rule his own household); and
  3. The grounds on which the prohibition is founded are universal and based on the different fundamental roles each sex has been given by God in this age of mankind.

In addition to the instructions given to the Corinthian church, Paul spoke specifically of the role of women in his first instructional letter to Timothy also:

I TIMOTHY 2:8 I desire therefore that the men [andras] pray everywhere, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting; 9 in like manner also, that the women [gunaikas] adorn themselves in modest apparel, with propriety and moderation, not with braided hair or gold or pearls or costly clothing, 10 but, which is proper for women [gunaixin] professing godliness, with good works.  11 Let a woman [gune] learn in silence [hesuchia] with all submission [hupotage].  12 And I do not permit a woman [gunaiki] to teach or to have authority over a man [andros], but to be in silence [hesuchia]. (NKJV)

The words of Paul regarding women here are difficult for 21st-century western Christians to accept.  But they are plain and unequivocal, and support his earlier comments to the Corinthian church regarding the role of women in church services.

Paul follows up these clear instructions with his rationale for giving them:

I TIMOTHY 2:13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.  14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman [gune] being deceived, fell into transgression.  15 Nevertheless she will be saved in childbearing if they continue in faith, love, and holiness, with self-control. (NKJV)

We may like what Paul says, or we may not like it.  In the end, we are either willing to do what he commands, or we are not willing to do it.  But there is no room for doubt about what he says.

Some attempt to use the NT example of Aquila and Priscilla to say that women can teach men.  But let’s look at this scriptural example a little more closely, because it’s very instructive if properly understood.

We’re introduced to Aquila and his wife Priscilla in Corinth:

ACTS 18:1 After these things Paul departed from Athens and went to Corinth.  2 And he found a certain Jew named Aquila, born in Pontus, who had recently come from Italy with his wife Priscilla (because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome); and he came to them.  3 So, because he was of the same trade, he stayed with them and worked; for by occupation they were tentmakers. (NKJV)

They obviously became good friends with the Apostle Paul, because when he left Corinth, they traveled with him for a while:

ACTS 18:18 So Paul still remained a good while.  Then he took leave of the brethren and sailed for Syria, and Priscilla and Aquila were with him.  He had his hair cut off at Cenchrea, for he had taken a vow.  19 And he came to Ephesus, and left them there . . . (NKJV)

After stopping at Ephesus, we see Aquila and Priscilla meet with the Jewish teacher Apollos:

ACTS 18:24 Now a certain Jew named Apollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man and mighty in the Scriptures, came to Ephesus.  25 This man had been instructed in the way of the Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things of the Lord, though he knew only the baptism of John.  26 So he began to speak boldly in the synagogue.  When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they took him aside and explained to him the way of God more accurately. (NKJV)

An attempt is made, based on verse 26, to show that women are allowed to teach men because Priscilla taught Apollos.  However, the text clearly shows that she did so only in conjunction with and under the authority of her husband, Aquila.  Additionally, they did not do so in the synagogue, but rather they “took him aside” and explained “the way of God” to him.

ROMANS 16:3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, (NKJV)

I CORINTHIANS 16:19 The churches of Asia greet you.  Aquila and Priscilla greet you heartily in the Lord, with the church that is in their house. (NKJV)

II TIMOTHY 4:19 Greet Prisca [a shortened form of Priscilla] and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. (NKJV)

Bryan T. Huie
March 1, 2005

http://www.herealittletherealittle.net/index.cfm?page_name=All&id=75

Revised: July 26, 2013

 

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble  offers a good choice being many individual reads on various subjects concerning the major mess America and our entire world civilization is truly in; and includes worldwide mislead Christianity according to the Bible.

 

Efforts for Spiritual Knowledge

100_3383

Requires losing all trust in man through complete disassociation; thus looking only to the Father always for understanding this world of natural minds has not.

http://about.me/timesoftrouble

I do not claim to be anyone having any spiritual significance, or anyone special. I am simply another brother, one of many living stones that make up the house. I am merely one of many today watching, and listening for, the prophetic word (the ‘now’ meaning of the Scriptures) as quickened by the Holy Spirit.

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble Most Used Site With Over 250 PDF’s On Our Crumbling Human Race and Religious Mislead

https://ttimesoftrouble.wordpress.com/about/  Who I am Spiritually Speaking

What follows is not to boast, and not saying everything written is right; and that is because the father of lies has deceived us all — therefore is only to show my non-stop efforts through these years past while learning to live on faith in a simple life having little to nothing, and only looking to our Father always for direction.

The Times of The End Have Arrived http://timesofroubles.webs.com/index.htm

Truth You Need Beyond Words http://timesoftrouble.webs.com/index.htm

The Beginning of the End http://timesoftroubles.webs.com/index.htm

What No One Can See http://timeoftrouble.webs.com/index.htm

Wisdom or Foolishness http://ttimesoftroubles.webs.com/index.htm

The Way of This World http://ttimeoftrouble.webs.com/

We Are Within End Times http://timeoftroubles.webs.com/

Words as God Leads http://ttimesoftrouble.webs.com/

Today’s Reality in Truth http://ttimeofttrouble.webs.com/index.htm

World Book Your Life Depends On http://theonlyworldbook.webs.com/index.htm

Human Ignorance http://ttimesofttrouble.webs.com/

What All Civilization Needs To Know http://ourdestinyarrived.webs.com/

What Believers are Not Taught http://godsunknownmessengerr.webs.com

Messenger For Humanity http://godsunknownmessenger.webs.com/

008

Being not of this world is so spiritual that only Yehovah [God] can supply the meaning for those who seek according to His instruction which all shepherds within religions of man worldwide fail to teach; and it’s because they are all the ‘Blind Leading the Blind’ while not even knowing because the father of lies leads all minds ‘of this world’ through not knowing the only way to become ‘not of this world’ as one who overcomes the god of this world to become worthy of His coming kingdom after the 31/2 years of affliction followed by 31/2 years great tribulation and wrath upon a very rebellious human race hating truth.

Message for this Entire Human Race is a short video on the 474-page book I wrote that was published in September of 2012 – and this is no promotion because it never sold; therefore was only more for my spiritual education.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Q_IzHL_zG4&feature=youtu.be

destruction

Even though the site in link below will be closed in April 2016, the list of hyperlinks will continue to be readable only for expressing my efforts in becoming spiritually educated while having no other life for near a decade; therefore I can honestly say that all need much edit because YHVH has greatly increased my spiritual understanding since most all were written.

Experience Project http://www.experienceproject.com/about/timesoftrouble

How Human Beings Have Become Ignorant Time Wasters The Coming Crusher Zone man is to blinded to see. Words of need The Coming Economic Hell For American Families How to Learn of God’s Purpose for Your Life The Few and why verses the many in the wide gate that leads to destruction The Human Race Today Beginning of the End Without Genuine Love for Others—God cannot be known. Updated How the very elect of God are deceived. Proverbs 1:22-32 was written for the “many” today with verse 33 for “few” WHO A FIRSTFRUIT IS; WHO GOD’S CHURCH IS; WHO IS DECEIVED; WHO IS NOT  A perfect example of how God sees all believers as hypocrites. Job 8 There are but only Two Educations in Life–with update There are but only Two Educations in Life Those who care for others the most through efforts become most hated. To The Point About Religious Deception. Because we ate you’re words of truth, How much longer O Lord? Words to a Writer with 3 Best Sellers When We Just Write Depending on God What love means to God because the ship sinking has not enough lifeboats.  What to Expect when Walking with God Words of God on men of God verses men of the religions of man. Why We Were Created, Why Satan, Why Judgment, Why Hypocrites Truth or Consequences–Hear and Listen—or—Reject and be rejected. Very Educational —Spiritually Speaking—On Just Who Other God’s Are Only God’s Pure Words to all in this world who believe in Him. Religions and spirits—spirits and Religions God’s Funds Belong to God and Not Corrupt False Teachers. What True Faith Is. A Unique Story Of My Dedication To God and This World of Religious Deception A Message For All Believers From God In Psalms. We All Have Things In Life To Learn About Love, And Very Few Will Learn Now Because Most All Will Be Crying Out For Love And Care When There Is Not Any To Hear Just As They Could Not Hear. Think about the Black Hole in the Universe, God, and the way of this world. The Higher Power and why the religions of man are the most deceived through rejecting God’s truth. The Higher Power Written By An Author And Professor To The Point Regarding The Condition Of America Followed By My Comment. Who I Am; My Purpose In Life; and how a blind woman sees through feel. The Only Way To Know God Is To Love Others; And This World Of Religion Has No Love To Show Beyond The Tongue, So They Know Not God In Spirit And Truth. 1 John 4:7-8 Who I am; and My Purpose in Life Subconscious With a Purpose Howl, Ye Shepherds, And Cry; And Wallow Yourselves In The Ashes, Ye Principal Of The Flock: For The Days Of Your Slaughter And Of Your Dispersions Are Accomplished; Why The Religions Of Man Know Not God Often The Best Or Only Way For Us To Speak Is Through Photographs. Updated Writing On Our Hearts And How To Read The Holy Bible. The Greatest Fools Are The Religions Of Man That Label God A god Of Torture That Thrives On Dishing Out Eternal Barbecues With All Invites From Toddlers To The Elderly. Even Christ Asked The Father To Forgive Those That Tortured Him. This World of Man-made False Religions that Show Belief in Man with Rejection towards God. Whether One Believes In God Or Does Not This Whole World Has Been Deceived, And Life As All Have Known It Is Going To Come To Its End In Ways They Don’t Want To Hear And Won’t Believe—until They Learn The Hard Way. Faith is Trust in what cannot be seen when your life is at stake.Faith is complete trust in what cannot be seen through actions that please the Father. Why Judgment Must Come Upon Us All Why There Is Evil  Why People Don’t Believe in God, and Why Religious People Don’t Even Believe God. One Of Many Emails Written To Oprah Winfrey. I Would Greatly Appreciate Any Answer To A Question That You Will Find In This Writing. The Greatest Mistake We As Human Beings Make Is Not Looking Only And Directly To God With Unwavering Faith That Exits You With Elimination From This World Of Man With His Words, Teachings, Doctrines And Traditions That Make The Words Of God To Become As N When The Plumbing Of Our Minds Becomes Corroded With Bad Cruds, It Cannot Be Cleared To Allow A Fresh Flow, So The Only Way For Repairs Is To Scrap It All And Start Afresh With Only What’s Pure And Tried As Silver In The Furnace Of Earth Seven Times  Some Things We Really Need To Think About In Deeper Ways Than Ever Before Because Reality Is Not What It Appears To Be Through Man. Beginning Of The End Through Hidden Ways Via The god Of This World Why I Read The Bible And What Faith Truly Is Through Actions. God–Man–Satan—Earth–Universe & Why Judgment Must Come Upon Us All God–Man–Satan—Earth–Universe & Why Judgment Must Come Upon Us All  Lies—Lies—Lies—and More Lies Via The god Of This World.  The Rehabs Of Man Are Only A Revolving Door, But To Just Walk Away For Good Is Much More. There Is But Only One Way That Can Ever Work Regarding “Rehabilitation For Troubled People” These Are The Words Of A Spiritual Weather Report That Shows The Beginning Of Sorrows Approaching On The Radar Screen That A Deceived World Cannot See; And When It Strikes There Will Be No Where To Run. Words From God The Majorities Within A Deceived World Will Not Hear. . . The Meaning Of Love To God Goes Far Beyond Words. For, Behold, The Lord Cometh Out Of His Place To Punish The Inhabitants Of The Earth For Their Iniquity: The Earth Shall Disclose Her Blood, And Shall No More Cover Her Slain.  Discuss The Handwriting On The Wall   When God Speaks Only Few Can Hear   Have Much Respect For Those With Much Age   Our Native Home In The Philippines   Discuss Daniel And Revelation   Write My Communications With Others That All Can Learn From   Speak Of The Exact Time Of The Birth Of Jesus Christ   Speak Of Just How Bad What We Eat Can Be For Us All   Speak Only Facts Of Who God Is And Who We Are In Comparison   Discuss The Ways Of God And Not The Ways Of Man   Discuss The Context Of The Words Of God   Speak Of Why Job Was Written For These End Times   Discuss Gods Prison Of Truth   Speak Of What It Means To Grow With God   Speak Words From God To The Shepherds And Congregations   Write Of What No One Can See   Speak Words Of Truth Just Between Us From Me To You   Speak Truth On The Beginning Of The End Of Humanity   Write Of Gods Truth Of Who Israel Is In Prophesy   When You Reject God Even Unknowingly He Will Reject You   Understand How To Know God   God Speaks Of A Nation Void Of Counsel With No Understanding   See How People Don’t Always Read Others Correctly   Speak Of World Famine With Proof Of Its Coming   Discuss From Christianity To Wicca From God’s Point Of View   Discuss Murderers In The Eyes Of God   Tell Of How My Mind Operates With Only God For My Source   Speak On What All Need To Know About The Love Of God   Speak Of The Sabbath On Saturday   Discuss Why Most Are Abiding In Death And Know It Not   Speak Of What A Man Is To God   Speak Of Life And Death   Speak Of Breaking News   Understand What Is Childish To God   Understand What Understanding God Means   Speak Of Our Hearts That Can Hide Nothing   What My Life Would Be Like If I Was A Billionaire   Discuss What It Means To Overcome   Write Of The Truths Of Today And Every Day   Discuss The Church As Fuel For The Fire In Great Tribulation   How Improper Construction Will Cause Your Ship To Sink   Speak Of Only Gods Truth That Only He Can Teach   Speak Of Why God Punishes The Saved With His Words Of Truth   When Your End Has Come It Will Be To Late To Awake   Speak Only Spiritual Truths Of God   My Wife And I Will Be Homeless At The End Of July   Prepared Or Unprepared The End Still Comes   How Long Ye Simple Ones Will Ye Love Simplicity  How Light Is Really Darkness   The Beginning Of The End   The Times Of The End Have Arrived   Why Judgment Must Come   See Hypocrites By Their Actions   Speak Of Our Home In The Philippines   Speak Of False Religions Worldwide   Speak Truth That The Times Of The End Have Arrived   Why God Created Man, The Universe And Why Judgment Must Come   Speak Only Truths Of Darkness All Need To Know   Speak Of The End Of Humanity Known To Man   Speak Of Life And What You Should Be Doing With It   Speak Of God’s Coming Judgments   Why Most All Cannot Understand Reality   Speak Of Love And What It Means To God   The New World Order And The Fall Of America  Edit Story Discuss What God Views On Earth From His Throne   Tell Of God And The Universe   Want To Discuss Science And Religion   Speak Of How Faith Makes All Things Possible   We Are Nearing The End Of The Human Race As Known To Man   Talk About Fruits Of The Spirit   Speak Of The Forth Seal In Revelation   Speak Of The Third Seal In Revelation   Speak Of The Second Seal In Revelation 6   We All Need Help In Different Ways   Speak Of Great Tribulation   Have No Other Life Other Than God’s Truths Few Understand   White Horse False Christ’s Religious Deception Part 2   Understand The White Horse False Christ’s Religious Deception   Know Who God Punishes And Who He Protects   Understand Why Humanity Is Nearing Its End    Understand The Seals In Revelation   Have You Ever Had Any Confusion About God   Have A Good Understanding Of The Ten Commandments   Understanding What God Is Saying   No Tree Of Life Till The 2nd Resurrection   Speak Only Breaking News   Understand The Spirit Of Truth Verses The Spitit Of Error   God, Truth, Church, Reality, Understanding   Have Understanding Of Genuine Reality   Truth You Need To Know   Know That Our Calamity Is At Hand   Hear The Conclusion Of The Whole Matter   Feel Terrible When I Hurt Somebody   Want Know What Happens Next   Understand Reality   Have A Message For Moms And Dads   Love Truth All Need To Know   Who A Firstfruit Is Who Gods Church Is And Who Is Deceived  Love People Old And Children Because Their Unique   Education From Jeremiah   David And Bathsheba   Down To The Wire On Truth, Lies   Know Thy Word Is Truth  Write Short Stories About God And Man   Am Extremely Distant From The World   Have Been Hurt At Church But I Still Believe In God   The Natural Mind And The Spiritual Mind   Love The Greatest Puzzle Of Eternity   Teach About The Body Of Christ As God Sees It   My Dedication To God   Have Bad Experiences With Churches   See What’s All Around That The Blind See Not   Supply Bits And Pieces Of How Death Is Sneaking Up On All   See Who We Are To Learn From While Expecting The Same   See And Know The Horrors Coming On One Very Blind USA   See A People So Lost They Can’t Even Find Themselves    See The Worst Lost Trying To Save The Lost   Can See The Reality TV Show That All Must See   See Massive Bloodshed Coming On People Of Blindness   Read In God’s Truth How He Sees Churches And Congregations  Need Only Truth Of Reality Behind The Scenes   Live In My Own World And You Live In Yours, But We All Live   Speak Of Life As Chess With The King Of Power About To Fall   Watch Times Of Trouble   When God Becomes Your Life’s Priority What All Need To Know, But Don’t Want To Know The Powers Of Satan   See What God Sees In Man   Have The Faith For Tribulation To Share   Simply See The True Reality As It Genuinely Is Behind All   I Have Life’s Experiences And So Do You   Share Truth And Reality Behind The Scenes

About Love And What It Means Too God; About My Grandmother At 103About Wolves In Sheep’s Clothing And The Coming Horrors.  Whats Been Happening Behind The Backs Of All Worldwide Including Religious Deception.About Suffering For People Of God And Why I Was Chosen Out Of This World By Christ. Strait Is The Gate And Narrow Is The Way Which Leadeth Unto Life, And Few There Be That Find It. About Running The Race Words From An Ex-church Goer  And My Reply Powers Of Satan Thou Shalt Have No Other Gods Before Me  What God Is Looking For Within His Created Beings That Is Completely Missing, Therefore Great Punishment Is Coming. The Powers Of Darkness About My Past In America And Now In The Philippines

What God Says About Churches The Worst Living Horrors Are Coming Closer Each Day. . If God Is Not The Center Of Our Lives With Priority, We Are Of This World; Therefore Know Not Truth As It Is Written. Strong Meat: Hebrews 5:14 We As People Of God Are Always Watched And Measured By Our Hearts. The Love Of Christ That People Of God Are Lacking. Prophecy Towards The Fall Of America Prophecy Towards The Fall Of America What God Sees Within The Hearts Of Overcomers As Christ About True Christianity God Knows All Things Including You’re Own Heart Better Than You Know Yourself—Plus His Instruction on How to Read the Holy Bible  I Have About Eighteen Years With God And Not Church, Therefore God Is My Teacher Through His Words Of Truth Rather Than The Twisted Words Of Man. There Is But One God And Only One Religion; Yet Man Has Made His Own That Have Caused Confusion. The More Faith That We Have; The More We Turn Only To God While Going Around Man. People May Not Always Like Truth, Yet It Is Written For Those Who Put Absolutely No Trust In Man. People Helping People Will One Day Be The Way The Whole World Is.

There exists hundreds more of my writings not listed, and even though many may not be well done as I would like, they still have a strong message using Scripture; therefore the whole point is only my sincere efforts to warn all of what is en route, and growing closer each day.

The most current site used is http://www.cross.tv/timesoftrouble  having over 700 of my detailed and lengthy blogs.

Below is another website where I have 520 posts with well over 100,000 views; yet was banned the same as many other religious sites for speaking too boldly just as Amos, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and all men of YHVH despised by this world of religious scorpions talking their religious talk, but never walking their commanded walk.

http://www.true2ourselves.com/Jeffcc

In a Christian friends network years ago I had over 300 posts written from biblical truth, yet the same as all others because I had not one genuine brother or sister in Christ, not one friend and not even one rooted for spiritual communication; and this world of shepherds, pastors, ministers, priests, and all religious titles are the worst when it comes to loving others through deed — thus the blind lead the blind with great affliction growing closer each day.

There was also the Christian site allaboutGod and another called Godspace that I was banned from and denied access to my own hundreds of writings; and added was ‘For Baptists Only’, the Bible in Facebook, some church sites and others which hate truth from the Bible about themselves; and reason is because it’s an untaught mystery about the Kingdom of YHVH. Matthew chapter 13.

All that I post is only on YHVH, Yeshua, and the realities of this world past, now, and what is to come because I have absolutely no interest in anything worldly while having my heart and mind set on things above (Colossians 3) in the 3rd heaven as my life’s priority with my wife next in line; and the story about her is that she was a gift from YHVH because He knew that I needed to survive in a foreign country with no income or employment making our life a great struggle along with her many years of severe health issues while having zero funds — yet she never complains, and we pray together in faith even thou we have so very little within a world of religious Christians who have absolutely zero care for any others whatsoever, but plenty of loving words with praise to God — yet very acceptable to me because they know not what they do as made quite clear in John 15:17-21.

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/RJP16w/how-christians-lacking-spiritual-knowledge-hate-god

Faith is endurance through knowing that only our Father YHVH can become our supplier of basic needs and mercy during the times ahead when there is no food to be had. Want mercy? Know what it means? Do you desire to read in scripture exactly how YHVH views all shepherds and their congregations worldwide? This link below carries more spiritual truth than most minds can accept; yet has the greatest warning for all on what is coming with the reason why these things must be.

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/ljD9ZQ/vital-untaught-truth-in-all-religions-worldwide

100_3175For any to walk the walk is no easy life, yet shall bring great reward.

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/mpxzXp/lifes-misfortune-in-different-ways-for-us-all

https://ttimesoftrouble.wordpress.com/about/

https://ttimesoftrouble.wordpress.com/

https://ttimesoftrouble.wordpress.com/2016/07/10/539/  My Efforts for Spiritual Knowledge

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble offers a good choice being many [over 235] individual reads on various subjects concerning the major mess America and our entire world civilization is truly in; and includes worldwide misled Christianity according to the Bible which has left billions not spiritually prepared for what is soon to become the worst timesoftrouble ever on this planet.

http://www.newworldordernews.com/ – accurate bad news so true people cannot believe.

http://www.blacklistednews.com/  – continual news reports which reveal just how deranged our human race has become.

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/435W4W/lifestyle-for-a-man-of-god

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/n9z36E/lifestyle-for-a-man-of-god-part-2

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/2mw7me/lifestyle-for-a-man-of-god-part-3

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/Dx26Jv/lifestyle-for-a-man-of-god-part-4

https://dochub.com/timesoftrouble/mpxzXp/lifes-misfortune-in-different-ways-for-us-all

jeffcallarman@ymail.com